In a bid to find a treatment for alcoholism, scientists have striven to understand the role that genes play in its genesis and evolution. Scientist have since discovered several genes that seems to influence ones reaction to alcohol. However, genetic factors are not the only ones in alcoholism. Even if some people do have a certain genetic predisposition, dependency is not inevitable. Environmental components are involved. Poor parenting, alcohol abuse in the home or by peers, situations involving conflict, emotional difficulties, depression, aggressiveness, thrill seeking, high resistant to alcohol effects, or addiction to another substance have all be cited as risk factors. These and other elements open the way for dependency.
LIMITING THE RISK
The following definitions of low-risk limits were published by the Department of Mental Health and Substance Department of the World Health Organization. Low risk does not mean no risk. Individual reaction to alcohol varies.
1. No more than two standard drinks a day.***
2. On at least two days of the week, do not drink.
In the following circumstances, even one or two drinks can be too much:
*When driving or operating machinery.
*When pregnant or breast-feeding.
*When taking certain medications.
*When you have certain medical conditions.
*If you cannot control your drinking.
Source: Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking.
***One standard drink equals 10 grams of alcohol per unit or per glass.